READ: Acts 2:1-47 (esp., v22-36)
- Note the strong emphasis upon God (e.g., “attested by God,” “wonders God did,” “plan of God,” “God raised,” etc.). On both ends of the text, God is the focus. Peter again reaches to the Old Testament, this time to the Psalms. He cites Psalm 16:8-11 and Psalm 110:1. Both refer to what God ultimately did in Jesus. But Peter had to show the connection to King David. Israel knew that someone from David’s family was to be the Messiah.
- Peter points out that David could not be the final one to whom the text pointed. He was, after all, dead, buried and still in His grave. However, Jesus was not. This is the first of numerous times (probably 25+) that Acts will refer to the resurrection in some way. It’s the resurrection that sets Jesus aside as Messiah. While other writers (Hebrews, Paul) emphasize elements of the cross, Luke focuses almost exclusively on the resurrection.
- In the end, David is not on the throne, Jesus is. In his final point of explanation Peter contrasts the listeners and God. Note: God “made” the one Israel “crucified.” They put Him on a cross, God put Him on a throne. God made Him both Lord and Christ. They knew Christ was Messiah (savior) and they knew that Lord was a substitute word for God. God made Jesus the savior and the ruler of the world. That’s the one they crucified and God raised.
- Summarize Peter’s line of reasoning about David and Jesus.
- Connect 2:32 with 1:8. How are they related?
- How would you have responded if you’d heard Peter say you were responsible for putting the Messiah and Lord to death?
PRAY: Thank Jesus for coming as the Messiah. Pray that you can clearly see Him in the role of Lord and Savior. Pray that our message is as clear and compelling as Peter’s.